your look ● ﬁtness
Health The words health and ﬁtness
are often mistaken for one
another and it’s important to
know the difference between
the two in your daily routines
T he terms “health” and “ﬁtness” are often used in-
terchangeably in articles you may ﬁnd in maga-
zines, online blogs or even in the gym, but there
are important distinctions between them. Even
though health and ﬁtness interact and may even
complement each other, they are two very different ideas.
Health is a general term describing the overall status of
a person. Being “in good health” implies being free from
malady, illness or disease, and not suffering from any im-
pairment or pain. It’s rather vague, but being healthy does
not necessarily mean that you are physically ﬁt. Your over-
all health could be determined by several factors—your
physical health, mental health, emotional health, social
health, spiritual health, and environmental health. And
those components of health can be affected by many
things—nutrition, stress, disease etc.
Fitness, on the other hand, is actually a measure of the
amount of physical capability rather than a measure of
well-being. Fitness is almost entirely a result of action. Cer-
tainly food and drink can inﬂuence ﬁtness, but the main
way of increasing ﬁtness is through exercise. And increas-
ing your ﬁtness has been shown to boost health in so many
different ways—reduction in risk of cardiovascular disease,
reduction in the risk of contracting many cancers, and
boosting the immune system being just three of them.
It may seem like a question of semantics, but it is im-
portant to know the difference between health and ﬁtness.
Being healthy is seen by most people as something that
they can’t inﬂuence.
Fitness model Alexi Gropper is a semi professional cheerleader for the Palm Beach
Makos Football team, loves to dance (jazz and hip hop), and was a synchronized swim-
mer for 7 years. Alexi holds a Bronze medal from the 2012 US Opens when she com-
peted in Las Vegas with her team.
person. You can’t just be lucky and increase your ﬁtness. You
can only boost ﬁtness by working at it. So, you have a
choice—either you want to improve your ﬁtness (and as an
added beneﬁt, your health) or you don’t. If you do, you just
need to do some work. If you don’t, you can’t blame anyone
or anything because you have personally decided not to im-
prove your health and ﬁtness. But make no mistake, it real-
ly is a choice, and it’s up to you which way to jump.
Everyone, from the Olympic Athlete to the Diabetic
stay-at-home mom, can improve their ﬁtness by doing
more of the correct types of exercises. Vigorous cardiovas-
cular exercise increases cardiovascular ﬁtness, so that the
more you do, the more you are able to do. Obviously you
don’t want to go overboard—that’s a good way of getting
injured—just increase your exercises in a steady progression
by doing a little bit more each time.
FIVE COMPONENTS OF FITNESS
HAPPY-GO-LUCKY You may be lucky to be in good health, but ﬁtness is
something which is completely within the control of every
The ﬁve components of physical ﬁtness are cardiovascu-
lar endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, ﬂexibil-
ity and body composition. These ﬁve components measure